1 hour, 30 minutes
Ogbono Soup - Nigerian West Africa
1. Heat 1/2 cup of the palm or vegetable oil in a small saucepan over medium flame. Stir in the ogbono seed and cook for 1 to 2 minutes, or until it gives off a nutty aroma. Remove from heat and set aside.
2. Heat the remaining 1/4 cup palm or vegetable oil in a large pot over medium-high flame. Add the onion and chile peppers and saute until the onion becomes translucent, 2 or 3 minutes.
3. Add the meat and tomatoes and cook for another 4 or 5 minutes. Then stir in the water and stock. Bring to a boil, then reduce the heat to medium-low, cover and simmer for 1 hours, or until the meat is starting to get tender.
4. Whisk a spoonful of hot soup liquid into the fried ogbono. Then whisk the ogbono into to simmering soup, followed by the greens and okra. Season with salt and pepper and simmer for another 20 to 30 minutes.
5. Serve hot with fufu or rice.
Substitutes for Ogbono: Ground ogbono seeds also go by the names agbono, apon, etima, dika and odika. They can be hard to find if you don't have an African market near you. You can get some of the effect of their thickening power by doubling the amount of okra. Or try substituting ground pumpkin seeds (pepitas).
Meats: Any kind of meat can be used in ogbono soup. Beef and goat and bushmeat are popular, but you can use chicken too. Other options are oxtails, tripe and kpomo (cow skin).
Fish and Seafood: Dried, smoked or fresh fish are common — and for some, essential — additions to a pot of ogbono soup. So are fresh or dried snails, shrimp or crayfish, which are often ground to a powder. Use anywhere from 1/2 cup to 1 pound according to your taste. Add the fish or seafood at the same time you add the ogbono, greens and okra. Whole dried fish should be presoaked before adding to the soup.
Greens: Use spinach, collards, turnip greens or kale. Or if you have access to them, use local Nigerian greens like ugwu, igbo, waterleaf or bitterleaf.
Most Africans would throw in a couple Maggi® or bouillon cubes for added flavor.